Articles | Volume 8, issue 2
02 Dec 2022
 | 02 Dec 2022

A conditional approach for joint estimation of wind speed and direction under future climates

Qiuyi Wu, Julie Bessac, Whitney Huang, Jiali Wang, and Rao Kotamarthi

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Cited articles

Abatzoglou, J. T., Hatchett, B. J., Fox-Hughes, P., Gershunov, A., and Nauslar, N. J.: Global climatology of synoptically-forced downslope winds, 41, 31–50,, 2021. a
Ailliot, P., Bessac, J., Monbet, V., and Pene, F.: Non-homogeneous hidden Markov-switching models for wind time series, J. Statist. Plan. Inf., 160, 75–88, 2015. a
Akinsanola, A. A., Ogunjobi, K. O., Abolude, A. T., and Salack, S.: Projected changes in wind speed and wind energy potential over West Africa in CMIP6 models, Environ. Res. Lett., 16, 044033,, 2021. a
Bessac, J., Ailliot, P., Cattiaux, J., and Monbet, V.: Comparison of hidden and observed regime-switching autoregressive models for (u,v)-components of wind fields in the Northeast Atlantic, Adv. Statist. Climatol., Meteorology and Oceanography, 2, 1–16, 2016. a
Bessac, J., Monahan, A. H., Christensen, H. M., and Weitzel, N.: Stochastic Parameterization of Subgrid-Scale Velocity Enhancement of Sea Surface Fluxes, Mon. Weather Rev., 147, 1447–1469,, 2019. a
Short summary
We study wind conditions and their potential future changes across the U.S. via a statistical conditional framework. We conclude that changes between historical and future wind directions are small, but wind speeds are generally weakened in the projected period, with some locations being intensified. Moreover, winter wind speeds are projected to decrease in the northwest, Colorado, and the northern Great Plains (GP), while summer wind speeds over the southern GP slightly increase in the future.